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Education Research Forum (FORDIK)

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2 minutes

3rd Educational Research Forum (FORDIK).

FORDIK Article 33 Indonesia

Education Quality and Socio-Economic Mobility: Does Education Promote Increased Welfare?

Whether a student's school conditions are good or bad is related to the possibility of the student's social and economic mobility in adulthood. This is an interim finding from Article 33 Indonesia research which was presented at the 4th Education Research Forum (FORDIK) on March 8 2018 at the Paramadina University Campus, Jakarta. FORDIK is a discussion forum for disseminating research results in the field of education. The discussion activity was attended by research institutions, universities and NGOs.

This study explains that indicators of good or bad schooling include the completeness of school facilities and infrastructure, the level of teacher education and school management, the amount of teacher training, and experience. Poor students who go to school in places that have good facilities and infrastructure, such as permanent classrooms, available libraries and sports fields, have the possibility of their socio-economic status improving as adults. On the other hand, poor students who go to schools in poor quality schools have a low probability of improving their welfare when they grow up. This research uses a descriptive analysis method using Indonesia Family Live Survey (IFLS) data. IFLS is data longitudinal which records the socio-economic conditions of individuals in the household from 1993 to 2015.

Responding to these findings, Nisa Felisia, Dean of the Faculty of Education, Sampoerna University, noted that defining the quality of education is not just about the completeness of advice and infrastructure. The more important determinant of the quality of education is the learning process where interaction between teachers and students occurs. Another note was also given by Rohidin, an NGO activist from PATTIRO, so that quality indicators are more specific so that they become a strong policy advocacy tool. Goldy, a young researcher at the SMERU Institute, suggested that social and economic mobility can be tracked from year to year to see the dynamics that occur throughout the observation period.

At the end of the discussion, Santoso, executive director of Article 33 Indonesia added that the research above was an initial finding. In this way, input from discussion participants will become material for improving research. Furthermore, Santoso also provides extensive opportunities for research institutions, universities and NGOs to join FORDIK.